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Le Figaro, France, 12/05/2007
US using new methods to spy on Iran?

I- Methods to collect intelligence:

The US stated that they use new methods to collect intelligence in Iran:
What are they?

1- Satellites:

a) Most of the American intelligence about Iran is collected with electronic imaging, thanks to satellites located above Iran:
- modifications in the security of nuclear sites
- pinpointing subterranean construction

b) A French Defense ministry official:
“Part of this information is shared with the Israelis, who do not have enough satellite coverage, theirs being focused right now on Lebanon and Syria ”

2- Human intelligence:

a) Indirect:

A CIA official said last week-end [December 1 and 2]:
“We have been doing more analysis and more collections, from information that was public and relevant”:
Is this the result of:
this new policy?
OR of an Israeli commando’s action?

- On January 18, 2007:
Ardeshir Hassanpour, a physician, one of the brains behind the Iranian nuclear program, died of poisoning in Iran

- On February 7, 2007:
Ali Reza Asgari, ex leader of the Revolutionary Guards who participate in the protection of the nuclear sites, defected to the USA, via Turkey

- On April 30, 2007:
Hossein Moussavian, negotiator with the Europeans about the nuclear issue, was arrested in Tehran, which accuses him of having given sensitive intelligence to the British

- Many “accidents” happened to helicopters transporting Revolutionary Guards;
the latter have just been added to the US terrorist organizations list

b) In the field: the Kurds:

In the North of Iraq, there are the Kurds, Washington allies:
One of their officials told Le Figaro: “The Americans are putting pressure on us to lead destabilization operations in Iran, but we are standing firm”

In this spy nest, the Mossad, which has been cooperating for a long time with Massoud Barzani’s PDK’ services, can recruit for:
- operations of target spotting on the other side of the border
- commando operations against the “architects” of the nuclear program, such as Hassanpour

c) In the field: the British:
- “As for the British, they are well established in Northern Iran, which is predominantly Kurd” says an ex leader of a European counter-espionage service
- Deployment of British troops in the South of Iraq also enables the infiltration of  the Khuzistan province, where the Busher plant is, and where the “Arab” minority lives, and which has been witnessing on and off unrest for the past few years

II- Iran’s counter-measures:

1- Tehran assigned the bassijis and the pasdarans some population control missions, which is not part of their regular duties

2- But this is not enough. So since 2005, Tehran allegedly has a new intelligence service, Oghab 2:

a) It is exclusively dedicated to the protection of its nuclear program from external operations

b) Its creation allegedly was decided upon the arrest of several agents, sent to get information about 2 nuclear sites that had not been found by the International Atomic Energy Agency:
- Parshin (South East of Tehran)
- Lavizan (North East)

c) It is very hard to find out:
- How many men there are in Oghab 2
- If they have received some training in countries that are allies of Iran

d) But according to intelligence experts, one thing is for sure:
It is very difficult to infiltrate Iran:
- An ex counter espionage professional says: “Foreign services traditionally have very little high level contacts in Iran”
- Which would explain the difficulties encountered by the US to establish the surprising [NIE] report on Iran’s nuclear program

Translation and summary provided by The Croissant. © Copyright 2020. The Croissant LLC.

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Translation and summary provided by The Croissant. The Croissant 2007. All rights reserved.